2: Photoplate, Roman Vishniac’s “Students discussing the Chumash in cheder,” ca. 1938.

Source: 

Source: Photoplate: Archive of the Yiddish Book Center, Amherst, MA (photographed by Michael Yashinsky, 2016). Original photograph: Roman Vishniac, [Students discussing the Chumash in cheder (Jewish elementary school), Brod], ca. 1938 © Mara Vishniac Kohn, courtesy International Center of Photography.